1. Interpret rules and regulations fairly and to match the skill level and the needs of the participants. Whilst many requirements of rules are for the safety of those involved in basketball and should never be compromised , others allow flexibility. The age and skills level of the players involved should be taken into account when interpreting rules. As long as you are consistent in interpreting rules and communicate before a game how you intend to interpret the rule, players and the game should benefit. Use common sense to ensure that the “spirit of the game” is not lost by overcalling technical violations

2. Be consistent, objective and courteous in calling all infractions. Objectivity is the single most important characteristic of a good official. It can sometimes be tempting to be easier –or harder, so that you appear to be objective – on a team that you have a connection with. It is also easy to be harder on their opponents or on a team which you believe is not playing the game in the proper spirit or with which you may have had a bad experience in the past. You must resist this temptation. Even when you call an infraction, you must do so in a courteous manner.

3. Promote fair play and appropriate sporting behaviour. Use every opportunity you have to communicate the message that basketball is about fair play, not to be marred by poor behaviour. Condemn the deliberate foul as being unsportsmanlike. If you see an act of good sportsmanship, applaud it.

4. Publicly encourage rule changes. Officials are in a unique position to judge how rules work and their effect on the game. You should use that position to promote change where you can see a positive benefit to participants’ enjoyment of the game from a change.

5. Ensure that both on and off the court your behaviour is consistent with the principles of good sportsmanship. Just as you are entitled to the respect of players, they are entitled to expect that you will act honestly and with integrity. Lead by example – actions speak louder than words. If your standards are down, players and others involved in the sport will see that as a signal that it is acceptable for them to lower their standards.

6. Keep your knowledge current. Make a personal commitment to keep yourself informed of sound officiating principles and the principles of growth and development of children. Always attend training programs when they are available, to ensure that your knowledge is current and that your skills are always improving. Read all the information that is available to make sure that you don’t miss innovations such as rule changes.

7. Help the education process in the game. Help players learn to play the game. Make sure that players understand rule infractions. Sometimes players dispute decisions because they do not understand the rules correctly. If you perceive that a player hasn’t understood a ruling, take the time when it is convenient to explain it to them. If there is a team problem of understanding, approach the coach and outline what the problem is and why it is a problem. Don’t feel defensive about explaining your decisions. You are the expert on the court and players are entitled to your constructive guidance.

8. Always present yourself in a way which encourages others to respect you and your role. In both your demeanour and appearance you should lead by example. Always wear the appropriate uniform and make sure that it is neat and clean. Just as players are expected to be properly attired, so should you be. If you present yourself in a sloppy manner it sends a signal that you may be sloppy in your tasks as an official.

9. Always respect the use of facilities and equipment provided. Facilities and equipment cost money and will only function properly if kept in good order. Ensure that you do not abuse anything provided for use. Discourage players from engaging in dangerous practices such as hanging off hoops. Quite properly, these practices are banned in most venues. Not only can equipment be damaged but also serious injury can occur.

10. Punctuality – You should be ready, in full uniform and with match ball at least 5 minutes prior to the game commencing (an allowance is given when playing or refereeing on another court). If you are consistently arriving late, Should this occur more than 2 weeks in a row you may not be rostered for games the following week.

11. Ensure that any physical contact with players is appropriate for the situation and necessary for the player’s skill development.

12. Refrain from any intimate relationship or affair with athletes under your care, supervision or tutelage. Avoid unaccompanied and unobserved activities with persons under the age of 18 years wherever possible.

13. Treat people involved in the game of basketball with courtesy, respect and proper regard for their rights and obligations and in particular, respect the spirit of fair play and non violence.

14. Team coaching staff and management should not remain in team changing rooms unnecessarily. Generally, coaching staff and management should only be required in changing rooms for pre-game or post-game meetings between coaches and athletes, or if attendance is otherwise required by an athlete.

15. Refrain from any conduct which is; might be reasonably regarded as; or is being investigated for potentially being a breach of the criminal law applicable to the jurisdiction in which you are located at any time.

16. Do not denigrate and/or intimidate players, officials, spectators or event organisers.

17. Refrain from unnecessary or obvious dissension, displeasure or disapproval with officials’ decisions or spectator or player conduct.

18. Treat another person’s property with respect and due consideration of its value.

19. Do not make statements or take part or otherwise participate in demonstrations (whether verbally, in writing or by any act or omission) regarding political, religious or racial matters or any such matters which are prejudicial to or contrary to bring the team into disrepute.

20. Show concern and caution towards sick and injured athletes by: (a) Providing a modified training program where appropriate; (b) Allowing further participation in training and competition only when appropriate; (c) Seeking medical advice when required; and (d) Maintaining the same interest and support towards sick and injured athletes.

21. Provide a safe environment for training and facilities and competition by: (a) Ensuring equipment and facilities meet safety standards; and (b) Ensuring equipment, rules and the environment are appropriate for the age and ability of the athletes.

22. Not engage in, or encourage, any conduct which is unbecoming of a Reffing Hoops representative that brings the game of basketball into disrepute or is otherwise harmful to the interests of basketball and/or Reffing Hoops.